Valium is only available in the presence of a prescription and is given to patients suffering from anxiety disorders, severe alcohol withdrawal or skeletal muscle spasms. It is also used before some surgeries as a mild sedative and helps with seizures too. It is monitored closely when used with different medications.
It belongs to the class known as antianxiety agents which includes benzodiazepines, anxiolytics, and anticonvulsants. It is known for its amnestic effects on adults. It mainly works by regulating gamma-aminobutyric acid also called GABA which is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in CNS.
Diazepam which is also known as valium is ideal in treating various anxiety and muscle problems. It can be used in both forms as suggested by the doctor. You can take it orally which means by mouth and even by getting injected. It is only injected when rapid or quick relief is desired or also when the patient is unable to take the medication by mouth.
It is also widely used for the treatment of short-term seizures like epilepticus.it is not used for ongoing or regular seizures. It is also given to the patient before any sort of surgery or operation to make the patient sleepy and decreases the level of anxiety and also to help in forgetting things like procedure of different treatments.
Diazepam commonly known as valium is a derivative of benzodiazepine. It does not have any specific color, it is colorless to the naked eye. Like most of the anxiety reducing drugs, the active component of this drug also helps with relaxing the sensations picked up by brain. Valium is not prescribed for children under 6 months of age in any case.
For Anxiety: After observing the severity of the case doctors may suggest a dose between 2 mg to 10 mg for at least four times in a single day.
For Relief in Alcohol Withdrawal: A higher dose is needed, therefore the prescription is usually for 10 mg of Valium which is reduced after the first day of treatment to half. It is also ingested four to five times a day.
For Relief in Skeletal Muscles: A dose between 2 mg to 10 is suggested by the clinicians, similar to anxiety disorders.
For Convulsive Disorders: 2 mg to 10 mg are prescribed in the same manner as anxiety disorders.
For Geriatric Patients: A very light dose of valium is prescribed for such patients ranging between 2 mg to 2.5 mg once or twice a day.
Some common side effects experienced while taking Valium include drowsiness and tiredness. This might happen due to the lethargy a person feels after taking the medication. Other than this, muscular weakness and temporarily loss of muscle coordination is also a side effect commonly observed. Many people never observe any sort of side effect in their whole life, leading perfectly satisfied lives on their treatments, while some complain about it. It totally depends on individual’s response.