How do you Characterize ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a known disorder in the DSM V which is characterized by a recurrent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. The pattern is persistent enough to alter and become a hindrance in an individual’s daily life’s functioning. Only when the symptoms pose disturbance in the routine life shall the patient be diagnosed with the disorder, before that the diagnostic criteria is not met completely.
- What does Inattention mean? It generally means when an individual is unable to keep focus on a single task. There are frequent problems in his or her life due to being disorganized or wandering off from a particular task.
- What does Hyperactivity mean? When a person excessively fidgets, moves excessively and cannot sit still in situation where he is required to be calm and still, it is termed as hyperactivity. Continuously talking, nonstop tapping or showing defiant behavior when asked to leave the activity are some of the characteristics of hyperactivity.
- What does Impulsivity mean? When a person has trouble thinking before taking decisions, or his or her goal is to seek immediate gratification without proper thinking, this is termed as impulsivity or impulsive behavior. Usually impulsive traits make a person regretful of their actions and more prone to harmful situations in life. Such people have trouble staying quiet and waiting for their turns as well which leads to a social isolation for them.
What are some common Risk Factors for acquiring ADHD?
The proper etiology of the disorder is still unknown to the researchers but they have come up with a pretty grand list of risk factors affecting the development of this disorder.
- Genetic Code
- Smoking cigarettes or using cannabis
- Alcohol intake during pregnancy
- Environmental toxins exposed to pregnant women
- Mostly found in low birth weight babies
Prevalence: The prevalence of ADHD is found in males more as compared to females.
Symptoms of ADHD:
Diagnosis is made when the key symptoms including hyperactivity/impulsivity or inattention are present. Not every ADHD patient has trouble with all of the symptoms, some only experience inattention while others have to deal with impulsivity or hyperactivity. Some individuals also suffer from the combined type.
Symptoms for Inattention:
- Overlooking important details in a task
- Have problem maintaining a single topic in a conversation
- Have trouble listening to the same topic for long
- Come off as irresponsible due to lack of organization
- May lose things essential tasks Forgetful in daily activities such as locking the door, getting to an appointment or eating
Symptoms for Hyperactivity-Impulsivity:
- Squirming and fidgeting at random moments
- Climbing, rushing or dashing during inappropriate situating
- Unable to maintain one interest for long
- Typically ‘on the go’ for most of the time
- Come off as blunt or straight forward to people
Therapy: Generally patients of ADHD are advised a treatment plan of both psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions. These may include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Classroom Management.
Medication: Stimulants and non-stimulants both are available to treat the symptoms of ADHD. Buy them online when you have a prescription to enhance the effects of therapy.